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Common Sleeping Disorders

Sleeping is one of the few relaxing moments of adult life. This opportunity should be maximized to reinvigorate not just your brain, but your entire body. But there are people who are not able to maximize this opportunity because of sleeping disorders, putting them at risk of physical, emotional, and psychological problems.

Insomnia

When you think about sleeping problems, insomnia is probably the first thing that comes to your mind. This is understandable, because insomnia is one of the most common sleeping disorders in existence. Contrary to popular belief, Insomnia is not just about difficulty in sleeping.

It is also about the quality of your sleep. For example, if you wake up often in your sleeping hours or if you always feel like your sleep is not satisfying, you may have insomnia. This can have various effects on your body, such as fatigue, increased irritability, and poor cognitive skills.

Sleep Apnea

You are sure you heard that term before, but you don’t really know what it is. Sleep apnea occurs when a person pauses in breathing during sleep, mainly because of respiratory issues, such as blockage in the respiratory path.

This may result into snoring and choking sounds, and on worse instances, your brain may even be forced to wake you to address your breathing problem. According to the website of Silent Night Therapy, sleep apnea may lead to certain medical conditions, such as heart disease, hypertension, and even stroke.

Narcolepsy

Unlike insomnia and sleep apnea, narcolepsy is something you may not have heard of before. It is a condition where the brain has difficulty going through its sleep and wake cycle, so those who have this condition may experience sudden sleeping episodes in school, at the office, or even during intense activities such as driving and playing sports.

What makes narcolepsy more dangerous is the fact that it is often undiagnosed. Those with narcolepsy may experience extreme sleepiness despite having adequate sleep the prior night, difficulty in concentrating, and feelings of exhaustion.

The Importance of Social Security Disability Insurance

The Importance of Social Security Disability Insurance

Those who have been suddenly disabled because of an injury or complication have challenging lives. First, there are hospital bills and treatment costs to pay. Second, they may have limited capability to work and earn money. Third, their limited earning capacity may prevent them from getting their medical needs. And fourth, the disability may reduce their general enjoyment of life.

It is a good thing that there is a program such as SSDI. It stands for Social Security Disability Insurance, and its goal is to provide assistance to social security members who have been disabled and may have financial hardships.
It is important to note that not everybody can claim the benefits of SSDI. They should be eligible for it first, and typically, the eligibility is determined by certain factors, such as the following:

  • The person must be paying social security for a specific number of years
  • The injury or complication has really resulted into a disability

According to the website of the Chris Mayo Law Firm, disability benefits can be classified as short-term and long-term. Short-term benefits are for those whose disabilities are temporary, while long-term benefits are for those whose disabilities are long-lasting or permanent.

These benefits may be calculated differently, but they have one thing in common – the legal process involving them may be complicated, but there are legal representatives that can help you for that.

The important thing is that these benefits serve as a financial cushion for those whose earning capacity has been compromised because of a disability. In one perspective, it is a way for the Social Security Administration to give you compensation after years of contribution, and that is why only those who have contributed for a number of years are eligible for this insurance program.

Sustaining an injury or complication that is enough to disable you is already stressful enough, but it becomes more stressful because of the financial burdens it brings, so it is good news that SSDI exists.

Truck Accidents and No-Zones

Truck accidents can be one of the most devastating incidents we can see in our roads. The mere size and weight of trucks are enough reasons for them to have greater impacts when compared to other vehicles like compact cars and sedans.

According to the website of Russo, Russo & Slania, P.C., truck accidents may involve drunk driving, mechanical defects and malfunctions, employer negligence, driver error or negligence, and no-zone accidents.

What makes no-zone accidents different from the others is that they are easily prevented by the diligence of the truck drivers and the other motorists around them who are aware of the dangers of a no-zone truck accident. To help prevent such accidents, you yourself should be knowledgeable of no-zones.

What are No-Zones?

Since trucks are enormous vehicles, they have the tendency to have blind spots, and these blind spots can be factors in triggering traffic accidents.

Front No-Zone

Most trucks have elevated cabs, and for this reason, their drivers may not be able to see things that are directly in front of them, like vehicles, motorcycles, and pedestrians. This space is called the front no-zone.

To prevent front no-zone accidents, truck drivers should always make sure that there is space between them and whatever it is in front of them. Other motorists should also be aware of the front no-zone, so they would avoid getting too close to the front side of the trucks.

Rear No-Zone

Most trucks do not have rearview mirrors, so drivers cannot always see what is directly behind them. Trailers can also be obstructions that prevent them to see the rear end of the truck. This blind spot is called the rear no-zone.

To avoid rear no-zones, truckers should always be mindful that such no-zones exist, and should take this into consideration when they are making decisions in the road. Other drivers should also avoid tailgating or being too close to the rear ends of trucks and trailers.

Side No-Zone

Trucks are long vehicles, and there is a possibility that their drivers do not have complete vision to their side lengths. Of course, side mirrors are there to help, but they are not always fully reliable especially on long vehicles like trucks, particularly in the passenger’s side.

It is still the truckers’ responsibility to be in a considerable distance with other vehicles, especially because of the no-zones, but other motorists should also be aware that no-zones exist to help truckers even more in preventing traffic accidents.

Uncovering The Causes of Truck Driver Error

Getting involved in a truck accident will almost always end up in a tragic manner. Given their sheer size, truck crashes can lead to serious injuries. It requires a great amount of skill on the part of the driver to be able to operate a large truck. According to the website of Karlin, Fleisher & Falkenberg, LLC, truck accidents can cause great damage and serious injuries to properties and individuals.

In a recent study conducted by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), driver error is ten times more likely to contribute to trucking accidents than other factors such as weather, road conditions, and vehicle performance. The study revealed the different factors that can make drivers make errors when operating their truck. The study came up with the following results:

  • 44% of drivers who were involved in accidents took prescription and over-the-counter drugs
  • 23% of drivers were traveling too fast for conditions
  • 18% were caused by driver fatigue

Fatigue is one of the major reasons drivers commit errors. When they are tired, they have the tendency to feel sleepy, lose focus on the road, misjudge gaps, ignore the signs of impending dangers, and others. While fatigue is one of the most common causes of truck accidents, it is also one of the most preventable. Truck companies must strictly follow the “hours of service rule” to ensure that truck drivers get sufficient rest and restorative sleep to safely drive trucks. The maximum allowable time for drivers to drive is 14 hours daily, wherein the driving time is a maximum of 11 hours.

If a driver figured in a truck accident as a result of their company violating the hours of service policy, the driver of the truck may file a lawsuit against their employer. In order to prove such violation, the driver’s log can prove to be a valuable piece of evidence.

Proving Liability In A Slip And Fall Accident

Accidents can happen even in places you thought safety was a priority such as in apartments or other commercial establishments. When these accidents do happen, the result could often be devastating such as an injury or worst death. According to the website of Bruner Law Firm, there are instances when the accident was caused by the property owner themselves. Under the premise liability law, the landlord or building owner could be held liable for the injury or death of the plaintiff.

In a slip and fall accident, it is up to the plaintiff to prove that the defendant was liable for their injuries. To make the defendant liable, they have to prove that they committed any one of the following:

  • The owner of the property was able to recognize a dangerous hazard but did not do anything to remove or repair the dangerous condition. A major question here is whether or not a reasonable person would have deemed the condition as hazardous or whether they had plenty of time to remove the hazard before the accident happened.
  • The property owner was the principal cause for the slip and fall accident by leaving the dangerous obstacle in a walking path when they could foresee that someone could trip and fall because of the obstacle.

In a slip and fall accident claim, proving negligence always comes with the question of reasonable prudence on the part of the defendant. There are certain factors that could have affected the accident such as the time the hazard had been existing for the defendant to have done something to remove the hazard. Another factor to consider is the justification for the potential hazard and its existence when the accident happened. Third, the preventive measures that the property owner implemented to avoid the slip and fall accident.

Another argument in slip and fall accident is the liability of the plaintiff. Such reasoning can be useful in determining comparative negligence and contributory negligence. In the former, the damage that will be awarded to them will be lessened depending on their percentage of liability in the accident. With the latter, on the other hand, the plaintiff will not be able to receive damages if they were responsible for any degree of liability in the accident.

To prove that the plaintiff was liable for the accident, the defense would have to show the activity of the plaintiff which could have barred them from seeing the obstacle. For example, were they texting or talking on a cell phone? Did they ignore any signs posted on the premise which caused the accident?

Johnson & Johnson Recall/FDA warning

Power morcellators were once praised for their ability to break up tissue and other fibroids during a hysterectomy or a myomectomy. According to the Mayo Clinic, a myomectomy is a surgical procedure to remove uterine fibroids — also called leiomyomas (lie-o-my-O-muhs). A morcellator is a drill-like device that worked by dicing up tissue into smaller bits that were then removed.  However, it was soon revealed that the device was responsible for the spread of cancerous tissue that could then lead to dangerous cancer growth.  The cancers caused by these morcellators were potentially deadly in women, such as metastatic leiomyosarcoma, uterine cancer, uterine sarcoma, and endometrial stromal sarcoma. When this risk became more and more prevalent, Johnson & Johnson, the makers of the power morcellators, issued a recall.

Following the recall, the FDA issued an official warning to doctors against use of the devices.  According to the website of Williams Kherkher, the FDA issued a further “black box warning” in November of 2014 due to the extreme risks associated with the device.  Essentially, this warning stated that any benefits of the device were outweighed by the risks.  In fact, 1 in every 350 women who had surgery using the power morcellators suffered from a serious cancer as a result.

Unfortunately, these warnings and recalls came too late for many women who had already developed severe forms of cancer.  Following the public outcry against power morcellators, many individuals filed lawsuits against Johnson & Johnson to possibly receive financial compensation for their suffering.  Despite these warnings, recalls, and lawsuits, power morcellators have not been officially banned.

Requirements for Slip and Fall Accident Lawsuits

Slip and fall accidents account for countless injuries every year. Whether caused by a wet area of floor or an unexpected object on the ground, slip and fall accidents can be far more serious than most people would expect. Individuals who are victims of a fall can suffer broken bones, head injuries, and spinal injuries that can all result in extensive medical bills. Due to this, people who suffer from slip and fall accidents on premises such as the work place may seek to take legal action against the responsible party. However, it is important for these individuals to understand the elements of a premises liability case involving a slip and fall before they pursue legal action.

According to http://www.shw-law.com/, property owners are required by law to warn guests and visitors of anything that can cause harm on their property, and then promptly address the problem. Due to this, property owners can be held responsible for a slip and fall accident if they failed to put up a warning sign, such as a wet floor sign, around a dangerous area of their property. The owner of a premises or another employee may also be responsible if they knew about something such as a spill and failed to tell anyone or do anything about it. This is especially true if the individual caused the spill themselves and ignored it. One of the most common ways an individual can be responsible for a slip and fall accident is if a reasonable and responsible individual would have discovered the danger on their property, but they failed to do so.

Just as with any legal case, slip and fall accidents have many nuisances that can be confusing for an individual often already going through turmoil from their injury. This is often why hiring a personal injury lawyer is an essential and invaluable asset to any case to help ensure a victim gets the help they need.

Consequences of Long-Term Asbestos Exposure

The widespread use of asbestos in the 1900s was due to its ability to be naturally heat resistant, making it a very convenient and cheap mineral to use in just about anywhere – from spray-on adhesive to insulation. One of the places that used asbestos is the military. During the wars, the military utilized asbestos to help deal with heat and fire-related damages for their ships, vessels, vehicles, and bases. Because people back then did not know about the danger of being exposed to asbestos, many of the war veterans have developed health complications related to long-term exposure to asbestos.

One of the many asbestos-related health complications that veterans are suffering is mesothelioma. This is an uncommon type of cancer affecting the mesothelium, or the protective layer covering the internal organs inside the body. Although treatments such as radiation therapy, chemotherapy and surgery, prognosis for mesothelioma is poor, and often leads to death of the victim. Even secondhand exposure, if long-term, can lead to mesothelioma.

According to the website of Williams Kherkher, there are about 22 million war veterans in the United States today, and a great number of them have been exposed to materials that had asbestos in them. Many of these veterans will eventually be diagnosed with health complications that is related to long-term asbestos exposure, with mesothelioma being the most fatal of all. If you have been in active service, especially between the years of 1930 and 1970, then you should get a medical check-up and see whether you have developed asbestos-related complications. Symptoms of mesothelioma are often mistaken for influenza or pneumonia, so if you are suffering from constant coughing, fever, and night sweats, it would be wise to immediately seek treatment. Early detection of cancer is the key in preventing it from advancing any further. Fortunately, there are benefits that veterans can get when they apply for injury claims. The Veterans Affairs view asbestos-related illness as service connected, and therefore will provide compensation for those who have suffered because of their exposure to the dangerous mineral.

Because of its dangerous nature, the use of asbestos has been stopped, but they are still present in old buildings and equipment that used them. Aside from war veterans, there are many others that can be exposed to asbestos and develop illnesses. It is therefore advised to seek medical attention when symptoms of asbestos-related illness manifest in order to avoid further complications.

Reports of Dangerous Pharmaceutical Products

Kidney failure can lead to a host of health complications, often resulting to death. The main function of kidneys is to filter out and remove the toxins and waste in the blood and dispose it as urine. If these functions are disrupted, the toxins can spread to the other parts of the body and disrupt their functions as well. Dialysis is one option to take over the function of the kidneys, but this life-saving treatment comes with it side-effects. Based on reports from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), kidney failure due to dialysis is the cause of more or less 400,000 deaths of Americans.

Complication from dialysis stems from a variety of causes, from age factors, contamination of dialysis tubes, to dialysis drugs. Drugs such as GranuFlo has been linked to increased risks of stroke and heart attacks, with some patients already a victim of such complications after using the dialysis drug. What makes GranuFlo the presence of bicarbonate in the drug: many physicians have underestimated the level of bicarbonate in GranuFlo that lead to it being in excessive levels. GranuFlo’s manufacturer, Fresenius Medical Care (FMC), was aware of the possible dosing error, but did not share this information to the FDA and the medical world. According to the website of Williams Kherkher, the manufacturer can be considered liable for endangering the health of patients who were not aware of the risks that the dialysis assistant can cause.

Aside from the rising number of GranuFlo lawsuits, there has also been an increase in the amount of patients who are suffering side effects from using Actos for type-2 diabetes. According to the website of Williams Kherkher, Actos has grown to be considered so dangerous that it is only given as a last resort. This is because it has been linked to the development of bladder cancer. Actos further endangers the health of patients through drug interactions. It is very important to understand the drug contraindications on the drug insert to avoid being exposed to such complications and prevent adverse effects. Actos lawsuits, along with GranuFlo lawsuits, are just among the many medical malpractice lawsuits that people should look into and get updated to avoid health complications.

Who is Liable for Dog Bite Injuries?

With the increasing incidence and severity of dog bites and animal maulings happening around the United States, many people are calling for updates regarding outdated dogs laws. Although owners can be held liable for injuries and damages caused by their pets, punishments are often light and not enough compared to the damages that they have caused. Dog bites or animal maulings do not only cause physical injuries, they can also leave emotional scars and psychological trauma. According to the website of the Chris Mayo Law Firm, common injuries associated with animal attacks are lacerations, bruises, broken bones, and scarring caused by deep wounds.

State laws regarding animal bites can differ. There are states that follow the “strict liability” rule, making the pet owner liable for injuries caused by their pets whether or not they are aware of their nature (to bite) or not, with respect to keeping other people from attacks. Likewise, there are states that make owners liable for injuries and damages their animals cause provided they are aware of the dangerous nature of the animal. It can be very difficult to fully determine whether an animal is dangerous or not, which is why it is difficult to bring dog bites or animal mauling case in court. One way to help determine the owner’s liability is the necessity of the owner to know the risks that come with the animal, or if the owner has to know whether that particular type of animal has the potential of harming others.

There are defenses that animal owners can use when injury claims are put against them in court. Common defenses used in court are the “assumption of risk” and “contributory negligence” of the victim. The website of Detroit law firm Ravid & Associates, P.C., states that actions such as provoking the animal, ignoring warning signs, and trespassing can negate the animal owner’s responsibility. Only if the animal attack and the resulting injury was not influenced by such factors can personal injury claims can be filed. After getting medical attention after being hurt by an animal, it is important to find out who the owner of the animal is. Contacting a lawyer is the next step, preferably someone with experience in animal bites cases. Medical records, witness reports, photos, and other evidence play a vital role in winning an injury claim, therefore such information should be gathered together with the owner’s name, address and other details.

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